Install Linux Mint

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Booting into live CD session & beginning of installation

Before you begin, make sure you have everything ready for the installation:

1. You have downloaded and burned the Linux Mint 4.0 Daryna .iso to CD.
2. You have allocated the required hardware resources (dual boot, second machine or a virtual machine).
3. (Optional) You have installed and configured the VMware Server and created a Linux Mint virtual machine.
4. You know how to boot from CD (regardless of the installation platform).

If you have troubles with the above stages, you really should read the other Linux articles ...

Insert the CD and boot. Choose the first entry to boot into the live CD session.

Linux Mint first boot
Linux Mint booting first time
After a few minutes, you will reach the live desktop. Just like the latest Ubuntu release (7.10 Gutsy Gibbon), Daryna boots into a desktop with a somewhat awkward 1680x1050px resolution. If your monitor does not support this resolution, the live CD will change it to fit the highest available resolution that your monitor can allow.

Personally, I found this resolution to be too big for my taste. However, manually changing the resolution does not work at this stage. For this reason, most of my screenshots will show a truncated section of the desktop centered around relevant windows.

Daryna features a pleasant black-and-green desktop. Windows users will appreciate the location of the would-be Start Menu in the left lower corner, which is more typical for the KDE rather than Gnome.

Linux Mint live CD desktop

This is a good opportunity to get accustomed to the menus and features, check the hardware compatibility and test some of the installed programs.

The Start Menu is progressive (similar to SUSE 10.2); in other words, it will change as you hover your mouse over different sections, allowing you to reach the required entry without too many clicks. It also allows quick access to some of the most important functions - different locations on the machine, applications, and system functions, like the Terminal, Control Center, or the Package Manager.

Linux Mint menu

1. To begin the installation, click on the Install icon. You will first have to select the installation language.

Linux Mint install

2. The next step is to choose your location. Be aware that the location choice will determine the local time on your machine as well as which servers will be used to download updates; the closer the better.

Linux Mint location

3. Next, select your keyboard layout.
Linux Mint keyboard

4. Partitioning & Users

If you have read and followed my other articles up until now, you will find the partitioning to be a very simple and painless procedure: We will setup three partitions - swap, root (/), home (/home). We will do it manually.

Since the hard disk is empty, we will first create a partition table. If your system already contains partitions and might have other operation systems installed, you will not have to do this step. Furthermore, you should carefully examine the layout of the partitions and choose accordingly.

To understand the hard disk notation in Linux, please refer to Installing SUSE Linux - Full tutorial. For more information on partitioning with other operating systems present (for instance, Windows and Linux), please refer to Dual booting - Windows & Linux - Full tutorial.

5. Click on the listed device (in our case,the single SATA drive, /dev/sda). Next, click on New Partition Table.

Linux Mint partitioning create partition table

If your hard disk is empty, you can ignore the warning. If you have partitions and data that you do not wish to remove, you should not proceed. Instead, use existing partitions to setup your system. Nevertheless, no change will be permanent until you complete the partitioning process.

Linux Mint partitioning table warning

Click Continue to proceed.

Once the Partition table is created, you will have the free space available to create the partitions.

Linux Mint partitioning table created

Click on the free space and choose New Partition.

We will repeat the process three times, creating the swap, root (/) and home (/home).

Linux Mint partitioning new partition

Linux Mint partitioning swap

Linux Mint partitioning root

Once you are done, click Forward to proceed.

Linux Mint partitioning ready

Next, you will have to setup the user. Choose a strong password.

Linux Mint user

That's it. Review your choices before you click Install.

Linux Mint ready to install

The distro will now install. It should take only about 5-10 minutes.

Enjoy your Linux.........^_^

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